If you already have succulents, but they are not enough for you – this article is for you! To save money on buying new plants, you can multiply those that you already have. We will tell you about soil selection, methods, and possible problems of succulents propagation.
Selection of soil
What you need to buy for the propagation of succulents:
- river sand
- soil suitable for succulents and cacti
- expanded clay – it will form a drainage layer
Fill the pot in the reverse order. First drainage, then wet soil. The last layer should be wet sand.
Requirements for the pot
- The pot should not be deep so that the roots of the plant do not develop more than necessary.
- It is best to use plastic or clay pots.
- Don't forget about the drainage holes at the bottom of the pot.
Propagation by leaves
This method can be called the most simple and painless. Sometimes you don't even have to do anything. Because some succulents drop their leaves when they're ready for reproduction. This method has a disadvantage – it's very long. A plant may not drop its leaves at all.
If you don't want to wait, you can cut off the leaves yourself. You should cut them off as close to the trunk of the plant as possible. You can do this with scissors or a pruning shear. The place of cutting should be completely dry before planting in the ground. If this is not done, the leaf will start to consume too much moisture and may rot.
Leaves should be placed on the ground so that their ends do not touch the soil. Otherwise, they may begin to rot. The drying process takes 1-3 days. During this time, the leaf may shrink in size. This is a sign that it is time to start watering.
You can't water the sprouts while they're rooting. You can only irrigate them with a sprayer. This should be done daily. The soil must be moistened all the time.
Propagation by cuttings
This method is suitable for succulents with branches. After cutting the branch, you must:
- wash the cut-off area
- treat it with charcoal chips
The cut branch should be rooted in water. Clean water (boiled or filtered) must be used. Place the branch in a water container in such a way that the cut does not touch the bottom. If over time the cut begins to rot, then the branch should be cut, dried, and treated with a growth stimulant. After 1-2 weeks, roots should appear.
After this, the branch should be inserted into the soil. The roots must be completely covered with soil. If this is not done, the roots will start to dry out. This may cause the plant to stop growing.
You should not plant the sprout next to an adult plant. If you plant it next to a grown plant, the roots can become intertwined. In this case, it would be very difficult to separate them.
Possible succulents propagation problems
The first alarm when reproducing succulents is that the color of the sprouts changes. Also, if they become soft, it is worth getting rid of them. But wrinkled sprouts are normal.
During rooting, you should keep a close eye on the appearance of rot or mold. To avoid this, you should choose a pot with good drainage when planting in the soil.